Index of Fluorinated Pharmaceuticals



Second Look (a project of DAMS, Inc.) is a national, educational non-profit initiative. We are concerned with the science and politics of public policies based on “acceptable” levels of risk that result in “low-level” toxic contamination with possible long-term health and environmental damage. (Please see About SL for a more detailed explanation of who we are.)

Second Look has always been concerned with the ubiquitous but “invisible” contamination by fluorides and fluorine compounds from all sources, and theresulting toxicity in humans and the environment.

We are proud of our huge Bibliography of Scientific Literature on Fluoride, through which one can access abstracts for most of the references, and whole papers or excerpts for many. Virtually all of our listings are peer-reviewed articles from mainstream medical, dental, and scientific journals worldwide, and most offer legitimate reason for concern regarding the health effects of fluoride toxicity.

One area of Second Look’s concern has been the public policy of water fluoridation, its health and environmental impacts, and its complexity as a social and ethical issue. provides scientifically oriented informationrepresenting all sides of the fluoridation and oral health policy related issues, from the best sources available. Read, compare, and decide for yourselves.

Do you think you may be fluoride poisoned? We also provide scientific and medical information on fluoride poisoning and related health effects in individuals. In recent years, we have been concentrating efforts on our developing program, The Fluoride Toxicity Research Collaborative (FTRC). This unique program seeks to help individuals suffering from fluoride illness, both chronic and acute, while engaging in research projects to make that end more feasible. Go to the FTRC WebCenter for more information about fluoride poisoning and suggestions for how you can help yourself.

We are currently preparing to publish our first book on fluoride illness, which is being written for those afflicted with fluoride poisoning. We will announce on this website when this book is ready and how to obtain copies. We also have in progress a book on fluoride poisoning in animals.

We have started a very special FTRC project: an online listing of fluorinated pharmaceuticals.  As we develop this list, we expect to offer detailed information on each drug to aid laypersons, health professionals, and researchers in their quest to learn what they can about the relative toxicity of these medications.

Index of Fluorinated Pharmaceuticals

This listing represents the beginning of an ongoing project, which aims to provide detailed information on fluorinated pharmaceuticals, listing them by category and providing both pharmacological (generic) name and commercial name.

When in its final form, this listing will be user-friendly for people seeking basic information about the prescription drugs they are taking, or for researchers who seek a more detailed summary of the relevant pharmacological data of each drug, including each drug’s metabolic fate (F ion release) as it impacts the drug’s overall toxicity.

At the present time, we are posting just the basic listing of drugs by their category, and generic and common names. This listing is a work in progress, but we are starting with enough of the most popular drugs that this list can be useful even in its present form.

Anesthetics (general) Anti-fungal antibiotics Appetite suppressants
Antacids Antihistamines Arthritis (rheumatoid)
Anti-anxiety Antilipemics (cholesterol lowering) Psychotropic (anti-psychotics)
Antibiotics (Fluoroquinolones) Anti-malarial Steroids/anti-inflammatory agents
Antidepressants Antimetabolites (chemotherapy)

This list is only to be used to identify drugs that are fluorinated. It is not to be used to determine any drug’s potential for toxicity.

It is also important to emphasize that fluorinated drugs represent a different category of fluorine compounds (organofluorines) than the fluorine compounds (inorganic fluorides) used in dentistry and water fluoridation. It is unclear to what extent, if any, the fluorinated drugs listed here may increase the body burden of inorganic fluoride. This uncertainty is amplified by the lack of available data from the pharmaceutical companies.

It is the position of the FTRC that more research be undertaken to clarify the potential for organofluorine compounds to metabolize into inorganic fluoride in the body. FTRC’s concern is based on recent research showing that some fluorinated drugs (e.g., many anesthetics) may in fact increase the body’s burden of fluoride. It is imperative, therefore, that additional research be conducted to determine how many other organofluorine drugs, and which ones, result in increased inorganic fluoride exposure.

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